Thursday May 23rd 2019

‘Infomation 情報’ Archives

col. Ann Wright comments on Syria

Possible Consequences of a U.S. Military Attack on Syria
Remembering the Marine Barracks destruction in Beirut, 1983
by Ann Wright アン・ライト
Its 4am and I can’t sleep, just like 10 years ago when President Bush was telling the world that Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and the United States must invade and occupy Iraq to rid humanity of these weapons. I didn’t believe President Bush ten years ago and I resigned as a U.S. diplomat.
Now a decade later, President Obama is telling the world that the use of chemical weapons in Syria by the Assad government must be answered by other weapons, even though the results of the UN inspection team have not been compiled—just as the Bush administration refused to wait for the UN report by the inspectors who had been looking for WMD in Iraq.
Ann Wright is a former United States Army colonel and retired U.S. State Department official, known for her outspoken opposition to the Iraq War. Secretary of State John Kerry pronounced that the UN inspectors “can’t tell us anything that we don’t already know.” President Obama says that any U.S. attack on the Assad government will be as punishment, not regime change. The strike will be “limited”—but tell that to the civilians who inevitably die when military attacks take place.
President Bush and his advisors either didn’t know or didn’t care about the probable consequences of their decision to invade and occupy Iraq:
• Hundreds of thousands of Iraqis and over 4,000 Americans dead;
• Millions of Iraqis and Americans wounded physically and psychologically;
• Legions of young men of the region now experienced in warfare and for hire moving from Iraq to Libya to Syria;
• And the Iraqi “democratic” government unable to control the whirlwind of sectarian violence that now is killing hundreds each week.
• イラクの「民主的」政府が今や毎週何百人もの市民を殺戮する暴力的な派閥間の対立の嵐を抑えることができないでいる
(Although the U.S. invaded and occupied Afghanistan under a different rationale, I also want to acknowledge the Afghan citizens who have been killed or wounded in the U.S. war in Afghanistan.)
President Obama has not spelled out the possible consequences of a military attack on Syria, but U.S. military leaders are warning about the risks. In a letter to the Senate Armed Services committee, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Martin Dempsey wrote last month said, “As we weigh our options, we should be able to conclude with some confidence that use of force will move us toward the intended outcome.” “Once we take action, we should be prepared for what comes next. Deeper involvement is hard to avoid.”
General James Mattis, who retired recently as head of the U.S. Central Command, said last month at a security conference that the United States has “no moral obligation to do the impossible” in Syria. “If Americans take ownership of this, this is going to be a full-throated, very, very serious war.”
最近、アメリカ中央指令部長官を辞任したジェイムス・マティス将軍が先月、安全保障会議で述べた。「アメリカ合衆国はシリアで不可能なことをあえて行う道徳的責任を負わない。もし、アメリカ人がそれを主張するのであれば、非常に深刻な戦争になることだろう。 ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・」      

Possible Consequences of A U.S. Military Attack on Syria
As U.S. warships gather off the shores of Lebanon to launch Tomahawk Cruise missiles at targets in Syria, we can make some educated guesses of what the “unintended consequences” could be:
• Syrian anti-aircraft batteries will fire their rockets at incoming U.S. missiles.

• Many Syrians on the ground will die and both the U.S. and Syrian governments will say the deaths are the fault of the other.
• The U.S. Embassy in Damascus will be attacked and burned, as may other U.S. Embassies and businesses in the Middle East.
• Syria might also launch rockets toward the U.S. ally in the region—Israel.
• Israel would launch bombing missions on Syria as it has three times in the past two years and perhaps take the opportunity to launch an attack on Syria’s strongest ally in the region Iran.

• Iran, a country with a population of 80 million and has the largest military in the region untouched by war in the past 25 years, might retaliate with missiles aimed toward Israel and toward nearby U.S. military bases in Afghanistan, Turkey, Bahrain and Qatar.

• イランは8000万の人口を有し中東最大の軍隊を持ち過去25年間戦争を起こさなかった。イランは攻撃を受ければ報復としてイスラエルに対してミサイル攻撃をするであろう。アフガニスタン、トルコ、バーレーン、カタールなど近隣諸国の米軍基地にたいしても報復攻撃をするであろう。

• Iran could block the Straits of Hormuz and impede the transport of oil out of the Persian Gulf.
30 Years Ago, U.S. Warships Bombed Lebanon and the U.S. Marine Barracks in Beirut Was Blown Up in Retaliation
At this time of crisis, it is worth remembering another time, 30 years ago in October, 1983 when U.S. warships bombarded Lebanon, the country located next to Syria. Within weeks, the U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut was blown up by a massive truck bomb that killed 241 American servicemen: 220 Marines, 18 sailors and three soldiers. The truck driver- suicide bomber was an Iranian national named Ismail Ascari whose truck contained explosives that were the equivalent of 21,000 pounds of TNT. Two minutes later a second suicide bomber drove a truck filled with explosives into the French military compound in Beirut killing 58 French paratroopers. France is the only country standing with the Obama administration on a military strike on Syria.
Earlier in the year, on April 18, 1983, the U.S. Embassy in Beirut had been blown up by another suicide driver with 900 pounds of explosives that killed 63 people, 17 Americans, mostly embassy and CIA staff members, several soldiers and one Marine, 34 Lebanese employees of the US Embassy and 12 Embassy visitors. It was the deadliest attack on a U.S. diplomatic mission up to that time, and marked the beginning of anti-U.S. attacks by Islamist groups.
The U.S. and French military were in Lebanon as a part of a Multi-National force after the PLO left Lebanon following the 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon. ostensibly to create a 40 km buffer zone between the PLO and Syrian forces in Lebanon and Israel. The Israeli invasion was tacitly approved by the U.S., and the U.S. provided overt military support to Israel in the form of arms and material.
Colonel Timothy J. Geraghty, the commander of the U.S. 24th Marine Amphibious Unit (MAU) deployed as peacekeepers in Beirut, said that the American and the French headquarters were targeted primarily because of “who we were and what we represented…It is noteworthy that the United States provided direct naval gunfire support [which fired a total of 360 5-inch rounds between 10:04 A.M. and 3:00 PM.] — which I strongly opposed for a week — to the Lebanese Army at a mountain village called Suq-al-Garb on September 19 and that the French conducted an air strike on September 23 in the Bekaa Valley. American support removed any lingering doubts of our neutrality, and I stated to my staff at the time that we were going to pay in blood for this decision.”
Some of the circumstances around the incidents in Lebanon in 1983 and now thirty years later in Syria are familiar. U.S. intelligence agencies were aware of potential trouble but did not report the problems in sufficient time for actions to be taken. President Obama said that the U.S. had intercepted signals indicating the Syrian government was moving equipment into place for an attack, but the U.S. did not warn the Syrian government that the U.S. knew what was happening and did not warn civilians that a chemical attack was imminent.
Thirty years before, on September 26, 1983, “the National Security Agency (NSA) intercepted an Iranian diplomatic communications message from the Iranian intelligence agency, the Ministry of Information and Security (MOIS),” to its ambassador, Ali Akbar Mohtashemi, in Damascus. The message directed the ambassador to “take spectacular action against the American Marines.” The intercepted message, dated September 26, was not passed to the Marines until a month later on October 26: three days after the bombing.
Geraghty wrote 20 years later, “ The coordinated dual suicide attacks, supported, planned, organized, and financed by Iran and Syria using Shiite proxies, achieved their strategic goal: the withdrawal of the multinational force from Lebanon and a dramatic change in U.S. national policy. The synchronized attacks that morning killed 299 U.S. and French peacekeepers and wounded scores more. The cost to the Iranian/Syrian-supported operation was two suicide bombers dead.”

Letter from former U.S. government officials appealing to Chairman of the Joint Chiefs General Dempsey not to obey an illegal order to attack Syria
As Obama administration lawyers in the Justice and State Departments frantically write classified legal opinions to provide legal protection for whatever action the President decides on, others are calling for military officers to look to their constitutional responsibilities.
On August 31, 2013, 13 former officials of the U.S. government, including Pentagon Papers whistleblower Dan Ellsberg, retired CIA analyst Ray McGovern and retired US Army Colonel Larry Wilkerson, former Chief of Staff for Secretary of State Colin Powell, wrote an open letter to General Martin Dempsey, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs, asking him to resign rather than follow an illegal order to attack Syria.
“We refer to your acknowledgment, in your letter of July 19 to Sen. Carl Levin on Syria, that a “decision to use force is not one that any of us takes lightly. It is no less than an act of war.” It appears that the President may order such an act of war without proper Congressional authorization.
As seasoned intelligence and military professionals solemnly sworn to support and defend the Constitution of the United States, we have long been aware that – from private to general – it is one’s duty not to obey an illegal order. If such were given, the honorable thing would be to resign, rather than be complicit.”
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 License

Peace Tour to the Philippines March 2014


2014 3・6(木)~3・9(日) 

Women say ‘No!’ to the Trance Pacific Presence(TPP)of US military, and ”Partnership?”

環太平洋地域・女性フォーラムin フィリピンに参加 します

Women say ‘No!’ to the Trance Pacific Presence(TPP)of US military, and ”Partnership?”


3・6  関西空港よりフィリピンへ


女性フォーラム・オープニング 交流の集いに参加

   3・7 フォーラム全大会〈基調講演〉参加


バザー/ ・・・皆さんの企画を持ち寄ります・・・        

  3・8(午前)女性フォーラム閉会//  フィリピン国際女性デー 集会に参加 


  3・9  帰阪、(別途オプショナルツアー 参加者は3・10日に 帰阪)








[お問い合わせ・お申込み先 : コードピンク大阪ジャパン ・尾川ひさえ : glocaloh@gold.ocn.ne.jp / http://codepink.jp

Women say No to TPP

*Trans Pacific Regional Forum *
“Women say ‘No!’ to Trans Pacific Presence of US Military ”
*Let us meet and share our initiatives, experience and expertise
*Listen to the voices of victims of wars in the past and at present from the regions of Asia and the Pacific
*Raise voices of women for justice and human rights
When: 2014 March 6 ~ 8
3/ 6 evening: Opening & Plenary Session
keynote speeches( the Phlippines, USA, Japan, … )
3/7 Workshops, Documentary Festibal & Fair Trade Bazaar
3/8 morning: join the International Women’s Day events
Afternoon: visit Manila
Optional tours: to Bataan & Subic area
3/9 optional tours
The Forum would provide local women’s groups and individual activists the excellent chance to bring their issues into the global field.
Where: in the Philippines
The Philippines has the best access to the expected attendees from Asia & the Pacific regions. It would provide the affordable accommodation for the event
Codepink JAPAN made the initial plan and asked Ms. Corazon Fabros of the Nuclear Free Philippines to give us advice on local arrangement of the venue, accommodation etc.
Who’s coming
Sisters and brothers from Asia & the Pacific regions (the Philippines, Guam, Micronesia, USA, Japan, Korea China,・New Zealand, Australia ・・
Fundraising:★ attendees have to raise their own fund

visiting YOKOTA US Air Force Base

横田米空軍基地を訪れて (ニディァ・リーフさんのお話の聞き書き) コードピンク大阪ジャパン
                                                   尾川 寿江  

 基礎経済学会の招聘でフクシマを訪れることになり、二度目の来日となりました。フクシマに向かう前に東京に逗留し、首都圏の米軍基地を視察することにしました。 東京都下福生市にある米空軍横田基地です。

Nydia Leaf from GPB NYC visits Japan again


The New York City Granny Peace Brigade joins with other international Peace and Justice organizations in declaring that the United States MUST BEGIN CLOSING OVERSEAS BASES TO ENSURE US & GLOBAL SECURITY.

More than half a century after the end of WWII and the Korean War, the U.S. maintains base sites in Germany, Japan, and South Korea, and in many other locations. (Recently it has announced plans for expanding to Africa.)

Opposition in Japan to the presence of U.S. bases, and especially to bases in Okinawa, is well documented. Overseas bases have impacted relations between the two countries; they are viewed by many in both nations as infringing on Japan’s sovereignty. Bases on foreign soil have important social, legal, environmental, ethical, cultural and financial implications.

In a time of economic crisis, the fiscal burden of maintaining U.S. overseas bases is too great. Unlike domestic bases, overseas bases siphon taxpayer money away from the U.S. Critical needs at home and abroad are not being addressed. In the aftermath of corruption scandals in Iraq and Afghanistan, the U.S. public now knows how private base contractors are the ones enriched and benefiting from the bases.

As Secretary of State Hilary Clinton observed in 2012, the foreign policy objective of the United States has pivoted from Asia to the Pacific Region. However, overseas bases do not bring about “Democracy” in regions – on the contrary, they destabilize them. Bases become lightning rods for attacks on the U.S. encouraging resentment, anger, protests and anti-Americanism. Military spending and weapon flows increase in the regions surrounding bases. They discourage the very diplomacy which is essential to better global relations.

The citizens of Okinawa have paid a high cost because of the presence of U.S. bases. The incidents of health hazards, crime, noise pollution, violations of girls and women, and the destruction of pristine ecological areas in Okinawa demonstrate the need for a new policy on overseas bases.

We support the citizens of Japan who call for closing U.S. bases on their land. The U. S. has a land mass more than twenty-five times that of Japan – let all those acres of land occupied by the United States for its bases, its forces, their families and their recreation (golf courses and cafes) be returned to the people of Japan.

For these and other reasons, the Granny Peace Brigade urges Congress to assume its constitutional responsibilities. It should review Status of Forces Agreements (SOFAs) which are, functionally, treaties, and it must fund the clean up of military toxics sites for restoration to other uses.


March 2013

Codepink Osaka JAPAN actionreport2012・11-12

サンフランシスコで‘No Nuke アクション’に参加
 昨年の11月9日から10日間サンフランシスコに逗留してきました。フクシマの状況をアメリカの市民、研究者等に訴えるグループに入れていただいてシンポジウム等で発言の機会もえました。その合間をぬって現地のNo Nukeアクションにも参加しました。
フクシマ原発事故直後にサンフランシスコに住む日系アメリカ人達が中心になって「Fukushima Response フクシマ・レスポンス」というグループを立ち上げました。日本政府に声を届けようと日本領事館前で毎週集いを開き、政府への申し入れも手渡しています。私たちが参加した時には「あ~許すまじ原発(原爆)を」と歌っている女性たちが次々に発言され、原発ゼロへの思いを共有しました。大阪から来た私たちも発言してと請われてマイクを握って関電前で続けている行動、とりわけ「大飯原発再稼働反対」の思いを訴えました。車イスを押してもらって参加されていた男性(90歳)は原爆投下後初の原水禁大会に参加するために広島を訪れた時の様子を話されました。背後に「Repose Ye in peace, for the Error shall never be repeated. やすらかにお眠りください、あやまちは繰り返しませんから  ノー・モア・ヒロシマ  ノー・モア・ウォー」と書かれた大きなポスターが置かれていました。アメリカ市民として生きてきた彼の思い、そして再びアメリカが関与した原発事故でのノー・モア・フクシマへの思いが込められたポスターでした。

コードピンク10周年 ブッシュの戦争もオバマの戦争も許せません
その間に創立10周年の行動を全米規模で展開していたCodepink Women for Peaceの女性たちとサンフランシスコで合流し行動を共にすることができました。金門橋でのピース・ウォ-―クにも参加しました。


In the Women’s Building

Why We Do What We DoWhy We Do What We Do:
For the Bechtel Action on June 5, 2003
Why do we do what we do?
Get up early, stand up to block
an ugly brown office building
and shut the ugly work
of water-theft down for the day.
Chant, jeers, sing, dance, talk, shout
and watch in silence as our friends
are arrested. Get arrested.
Confront the cops. Observe the cops.
Do yoga,meet lovers, burst into laughter
as the arrested men rock the cop van,hard.
Because we can.
Because we know what it is to hold
the hot limp body of a child suffering from diarrhea,
and to worry about that child.
Because access to clean water as a human right.
Because we shut them down or
they shut us down and in, forever.
Because this government and this corporation
are coupled obscenely and fucking the world.
and we refuse to watch silently, and longer
Because Bechtel makes us thirsty for justice
Because on this planet called Earth
that could be the planet called Water,
we remember he waters of Babylon
poisoned with bombs and sewage and depleted
Because we are here, now, and this is our work.
Because we love the joy of coming together.
Because although it is late, it iis not yet too late.
Because we can.
written by Janet Weil
2003 年6月5 日ベクテル社前抗議行動によせて
をじっと見つめる 次々に逮捕されていくのを
訳 尾川ひさえ

CP Osaka visits S.F.to join 10th anniversary


Green Tea Party for Peace and
the World free from Nukes & Nuclear Power Plants
Codepinkers glocal actions in Japan
when: 27/2/2012 where: Shizuoka, JAPAN
March 11 2012,1 year aniversary of Fukushima nuclear catastroph coinsides the
aniversary of “Bravo” H-bomb testing at Bikini Atoll in 1954.
Every year around March 1,protesting to the H-bomb testing,paying tribute to the
victims and expressing the determination for the nuclear free world, people from all
over Japan as well as from many countries of the world gather in Shizuoka.
Yaizu city in Shizuoka has a fine port for fishing boats. “The 5th Lucky Dragon”
which was exposed to the nuclear fallout in Bikini,made its way back to Yaizu port.
after H bomb testing. The crew members of the Lucky Dragon were indeed heroes to
have evidenced and warned the world the cruelty and madness of radiatiotn catastroph
to the world at the cost of their own lives.
Codepink Osaka JAPAN finds it so imperative for the grassroot women for
peace and nuclear free world to get together in Shizuoka in support of 3.1
Bikini Day action. We are planning to hold a Codepinkers glocal
workshop on 27th February in Shizuoka.
To make the workshop really glocal we need the active engagement and help of
both local and global groups and individuals. We’d like to have Codepink sisters
and grannies from the US and from abroad to come and join us.We need your
company and support to let our voices be heard to the world.
Please come and join us and send your friends to Shizuoka.

グリーン・ティー・パーティー プログラム / Green tea Party Program Feb.27,2012
Part I
moderator H.OGAWA start 13:30
1. 実行委員挨拶・紹介 greetings from the organizers
黙 祷 silent prayer
尾川Hisae OGAWA, CODEPINK Osaka / Takako KASUYA, Shizuoka)
冨田(Narumi TOMIDA Kyoto )
2.挨拶 greeting from a Hibakusha from Shizuoka 川本 司郎( Shiro KAWAMOTO 被爆者の会会長 president Hibakusha association)
3.ミニミニ・コンサート Mini Concert 野田 淳子(京都)Junko NODA, Kyoto シンガー・ソングライター singer・song writer
Fukushima and “Occupy Wall Street” Movement
後藤 宣代 Nobuyo GOTO ( Fukushima 福島、Lecturer )
福島県立医科大学( Fukushima Medical University )
5.紙芝居・祈りの折り鶴 イギリス訪問報告
Kamishibai story telling and visit UK report
佐治 妙心(麻希) (静岡・妙蔵寺)Myoshin(Maki)SAJI, Shizuoka Myozo-ji temple Buddhist
6.長崎で被ばくした母の話 My mother & A-bombing in Nagasaki 大口 彰子 (大阪)Akiko OGUCHI, Osaka
7.宗教者として Faith and peace action, my case 冨田 成美 (京都・キリスト者)Narumi TOMIDA,Kyoto Christian
8.第五福竜丸物語(暗唱)Lucy Dragon story telling
ビキニ水爆実験から原発導入へ from Bikini testing
to building nuclear power plants in Japan
西脇 朋生 (静岡)Tomoo NISHIWAKI, Shizuoka
粕谷 たか子(静岡・母親大会連絡会)Takako KASUYA Shizuoka Mothers Congress
Part II(お茶を飲みながら)進行係 粕谷 serving green tea moderator Takako KASUYA 15:24~ 16:40
9. 参加者紹介 getting to know each other 自 己 紹 介
10. green tea を栽培して growing green tea in Japan 杵塚 歩 (静岡・農民連)Ayumi KINEZUKA, Shizuoka, green tea farmer
11.折り鶴を作ろう making ORIZURU paper cranes 尾川 知 (大阪)Tomo OGAWA、 Osaka 折り紙作家:Paper Folder
12.DVD上映 Documentary on Granny Peace Brigade
芝田 朋美(静岡)Tomomi SHIBATA, Shizuoka
DVD documentary on Granny Peace Brigade NYC
Exchange with oversea friends for Fukushima
奈良 勝行 (東京・新英研)Katsuyoki NARA Tokyo
English teacher
14Using Social Movement Theory to Maximize Protest participation
ライアン・シーブルック(フルブライト大学院研究生・静岡大学外国人研究者) Ryan
Seebruck, Fulbright researcher in Shizuoka University
15.参加者交流 from the floor
閉 会 close 16:40

Fukushima and the “Occupy Wall Street” movement

―Global Protester Movement― GOTO Nobuyo  Fukushima Medical University

Introduction - in 2011 people in various parts of the world stood up to raise their voices of

indignation against the Establishment.

1. By 15th October 2011, “global occupations” took place in 82 countries and 1,000 cities.

“Who is 99%? Without names and faces, we are the wounded and enraged earth.”

2. “Time” magazine carried an article “2011 person of the year ” covering “The Protester”

all over the world including “No Nuclear Power Plants” movement in Japan.

3. Direct actions with non violence and Internet communication as solidarity media

I. 2011, protesters around the world : four seasons starts with “Indignation”


Arab: in Dec. 2010 a Tunisian fruit vendor set himself on fire in a public square in protest to the government. → in Jan. Jasmine Revolution → occupy Tahrir Square in Cairo Egypt

Japan: in May a family-farmer in Fukushima killed himself in protest to the radiation contamination on the organic cabbages grown in his farm → indignation being spread among family-farmers and residents→ who affected by radiation finally started the concerted protest action against the government and TEPCO. They were at the beginning enduring the hardship quietly as the oversea media reported and were supportive to “cheer up Japan, never give up Fukushima” campaign.


Europe: in Spain and Greece, occupations protesting against financial crisis, unemployment , and austerity. In UK, the rebel of the unemployed youth.

Tens of thousands of young people have been occupying Puerta del Sol Square in Madrid, who call themselves as “We have no houses, no jobs, no pensions, and nothing to lose and worry about” and are named as “indignados( indignation) , May 15 movement”→ 6 million people around Spain joined the actions.

Autumn : Occupy Wall Street movement started → spread nation wide in the US and around the world.

Winter : Russians protest against the election corruption. 20 years passed after the Soviet Union collapsed. Russians are angry about the succeeding government.

II. Background of the “Occupy Wall Street” Movement

  1. 1. inception On Jul. 13, 2011 “Adbusters”,a radical anti-consumerist organization based in Vancouver Canada, issued a call by Web stating “Are you ready for a Tahrir moment? On Sept. 1 7, flood into lower Manhattan, set up tents,kitchens,peaceful barricades and occupy Wall Street.”
It says” Wall Street is the financial Gomorrah of America and the greatest corrupter of democracy.

  1. 2. preparation Aug. 2  slogans: “ We are 99 %”, “Occupy Wall Street”
mode of occupation and decision making :general assembly( direct democracy)
  1. 3. commencement Sep. 17 those who are attending at Zuccotti Park is 2.000 people and make voluntary working groups
  2. 4. present occupation is keeping within the building(public space in 1st floor) since last Nov.

. “Occupy Wall Street” Movement characters
  1. 1. No-leader, but The catalysts
① Kalle Lasn : Canadian editor of Adbusters, who proposed to people for gathering on Sep. 17

② David Graeber : cultural anthropologist living in London, who is the founder of the slogans “ We are 99%”, “ Occupy Wall Street”.

③ Yotam Marom : political organizer, educator, and writer based in New York, a member of the Organization for a Free Society, planned an earlier live-in protest in downtown Manhattan

④ Kaylee Dedrick : teacher’s aide, being pepper-sprayed drew crowds
  1. 2. method
① occupation rather than demonstration, rally and demand; decision making through the general assembly every day

② voluntary working groups ( ex.: media, kitchen, sanitary, medical, library, etc )

③ internet(Social Media: open, share, de-centralization)

④ peopled microphone ( no loud speakers )

⑤ papers, journals free paper like as “Occupied Wall Street Journal”
  1. 3. summery
① creation of new way of life based on the direct democracy

② creation of city revolution through occupation of public open spaces

IV. voices of indignation and direct actions in Fukushima

  1. 1. Apr.26 – family-farmers direct action to the head office of TEPCO demanding full compensation for the revival of Fukushima
features of the actions a. sympathy towards the self killing of a family-farmer engaged in organic farming and indignation against TEPCO, b. voluntary, c. rejection of TEPCO’s bills, making their own bills of particulars covering their farm products like peaches, persimmons, etc damaged by radiation to charge TEPCO, d. demonstrating their indignation in visible ways such as driving farm truck along putting their cattles on board and raising ‘rice straw mat banners’, symbols of peasants revolts, with protest messages.

e. attract mass-medias to report their actions on the top pages thus change the public opinion

2. May 23 – Mothers and parents rushed to the Ministry of Education and Science demanding to protect Fukushima children from radiation.

features of the actions a. sharing concerns over radiation through internet b. organize voluntary workshop to study on radiation. C. direct negotiation with the Ministry of Education and Science and the authorities: saying “don’t treat our kids as guinea pigs” and demanding to reduce the annual radiation level from 20 to 1 milli sievert They were successful in those actions. d. The network to protect Children in Fukushima has expanded to the nation wide network through internet and has received positive responses from overseas. A number of international NGOs have come to Japan for the on the spot researches.

3. New features: start from the individuals ‘ anger ‘,’ indignation ’, ‘ concern ‘ → through internet share their feeling and do voluntary actions → forming open forum for anybody can join and share: ex. protest actions, study workshops, measuring radiation, making maps of hot spots, etc. They are leading ‘mother’s scientist’ , ‘mother’s revolution.’

The classical scientific revolution in the 17th century: new tool

Galileo vs. Catholic authority telescope

Now : Mothers vs. Central Government and TEPCO radiation measuring devices and Net

V. New character of Fukushima , “Occupy Wall Street” and “The protester” movement
  1. 1. principle: ‘indignation’ over injustice and dignity of human beings
  2. 2. actions: direct action with non violence ,self expressive and festival
  3. 3. media: internet( open to public, share, collective decision making, de-centralization)
  4. 4. Subject: youths and women in diversity

Towards 2012 spring
  1. 1. “The Declaration of the Occupation of New York City” by the NYC General Assembly
“We saw seeds in the Fall, They blossom in the Spring.”

On Jul. 4, Independence Day, 2012, all US general assembly will be held in Philadelphia.
  1. 2. Fukushima: focus and conflicts
① on the provisional food safety regulation for radiation dosage

ministry of health & labor vs. ministry of education science

cesium 137 and the internal radiation exposure

② decontamination:

General contractor of Big business in Tokyo vs. small business in Fukushima

③ compensation:

residents vs. TEPCO and central government

2011 CODEPINK Osaka JAPAN in action


Inviting Ms.Nydia Leaf from Granny Peace Brigade New York



In many ways my trip to the 2011 World Conference Against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs was an extension and expansion of a peace sisterhood launched May 4, 2010 during the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty meetings at the United Nations.  That event was called “The Green Tea Party” and attendees came from Code Pink/New York, Code Pink/Osaka and the Granny Peace Brigade.

The following report is written from the perspective of a New York City activist visiting Japan for the first time.  My impressions combine some awareness of Japan’s political and cultural landscape and fresh responses to the social currents observed briefly in Osaka, Hiroshima and Kyoto.


AUGUST 1 Monday–

Arriving at Kansai airport Hisae Ogawa, director of Code Pink/Osaka and Akiko Oguchi, a CP member, met me and accompanied me to an informal dinner with several Gensuikyo/Osaka officials and Joseph Gerson, Director of Peace Programs for American Friends Service Committee (AFSC).   Mr. Yukio Iwata (Chairman), Mr. Masaaki Komatsu (Secretary General) and Mr. Haruo Ueba all spoke English giving the dinner a relaxed mood. 


AUGUST 2 Tuesday –

Dorothy Dufour of Code Pink/Sapporo and a Green Tea party attendee, joined us as we went to a gathering of Shinfujin/Osaka. Shinfujin (New Japan Women’s Association)has called for eliminating the “sympathy budget” of $1.6 Billion annually which the Japanese people pay for the more than 100 U.S. bases in Okinawa and Japan. Eiko Miyamoto, the Chairperson of the Osaka Society of International Women’s Year, greeted us. With Hisae-san interpreting I described the Granny Peace Brigade (GPB) and its activities to a group of about 25 women.  The questions that followed focused on GPB actions opposing the militarization of U.S. youth and recruitment in our schools.  This concern recurred often during my trip. 

The presentation for the Osaka Gensuikyo was attended by 40-45 people – Mr. Komatsu explained that a delegation of 358 would go to Nagasaki and hence only a few would come to our talk.  The program began with songs by a gifted performer, Junko Noda, and was a welcoming start.  I reviewed GPB and its actions outlining the work of our committees.  In his talk Joe Gerson said he was inspired by the resilience of the Japanese people and the peace movement.  He stressed the significance of the March 11th earthquake, tsunami and Fukushima catastrophe and called it a major “turning point” in Japanese history, providing a signal for a change in policies.

There was little time for Q&A as we were taking the bullet train to Hiroshima and needed to arrive at the Sunroute Hotel for the 7 pm overseas delegates’ Orientation.  The largest groups came from Korea (15),

India (12) and China (8) with five from the USA.  Then our Hiroshima homestay hostess, Reiko Funada, brought Hisae, Dorothy and me to her lovely home where we stayed for five nights.


AUGUST 3 – Wednesday morning

From the Sunroute Hotel small groups of overseas delegates were escorted to briefings at various hospitals.  This provided a way for conference delegates to learn up to date information about the Hibakusha (atomic bomb survivors) and to become acquainted with each other.  The Red Cross Hospital gave us a booklet and a briefing physician reviewed the information in more detail.  Badly destroyed by the bomb, the hospital was only 1.5 km from the epicenter, and its new building is designed with an atrium – modern, light and very busy.  66 years after the bombs, it treats approximately 100 in-patients and up to 280 outpatients daily.  Just recently a gene mutation has begun to appear for the first time.  Their concern is for those who were 0-10 years of age in 1945, as well as persons now from the Fukushima area.  On the lawn outside is a blasted section of the original hospital – the bomb force is evident in the twisted metal window frames and the wrecked brick and mortar walls.


AUGUST 3 – Wednesday Afternoon through  AUGUST 5 – Friday   CONFERENCE SESSIONS

Plenary sessions and workshops of the 2011 World Conference Against A & H Bombs took place at the Bunka Koryu Kaikai Hall.  The opening plenary began promptly at 2 p.m. and after preliminary welcome greetings and introductions, conference chairs were selected.  Among them was Corazon Fabros from the Philippines who led the victorious struggle to close the USA base at Subic Bay and is now engaged in the campaign to end the “Visiting” Forces Agreement. (She is barred entry to the USA.)

The continuing shadow of Fukushima hung over the conference, especially with revelations in newly declassified documents of President Eisenhower and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles that the U.S. “sold” atomic power plants to Japan.  An article in the July 24, 2011 Japan Times described the U.S. policy initiated in October 1954 to “remove the strong Japanese notion that atomic and nuclear energy is primarily destructive.”

Themes introduced were the joint Abolition of Nuclear Weapons and Power Plants, Hibakusha compensation, and future NPT Preparatory conferences, and papers presented at the conference sessions amplified these ideas.  Overseas presenters spoke of their solidarity and concern for the Japanese people in the aftermath of Fukushima. 

Detailing each delegate’s message would be repetitive. Instead here follows a broad list of the most trenchant points to help further our aim of sharing information:

-          The complacency of 25 years post-Chernobyl has been shattered by Fukushima and has shifted the balance in organizations from strictly anti-nuke to now encompass nuclear power plants.  The 442 nuclear plants in 29 countries produce 15% of total electricity needs.  An international non-violent struggle for complete energy transformation has already begun.

-          Nuclear Weapons abolition remains our most urgent task.  23,000 Nuclear Weapons exist and 2000 are maintained on a high alert status.  The technology is too complex to be mastered; thus “safety” is a myth.  Likewise the Cold War strategy of “Mutual Assured Deterrence” is now exposed as myth.

-          The 2015 NPT conference should be held in Hiroshima with significant progress to be made at the U.N. prep com meetings in 2012 and 2014; no significant progress has been made since last year’s NPT meetings, in particular, work towards a nuclear free zone in the Middle East..

-          The need for a Nuclear Weapons Convention is clearer now than ever before.  The Non-Aligned Movement in May 2011 proposed a high-level international conference “to identify ways and means of eliminating nuclear weapons.”

-          The peoples of Japan and Guam have been caught in the middle of geopolitics that compromises the safety of the entire world.  Peace and stability in Northeast Asia (China, Japan, Korea) is possible through regional cooperation.

-          It is important to create Nuclear Free Zones, especially in the Middle East.  Mayors For Peace, the world’s largest organization working to abolish Nuclear Weapons, has 5000 member cities representing nearly one billion people.

-          According to SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute) annual military spending is $1.6 Trillion of which 100 Billion is for the nuclear industry.

-          The U.S. has violated the NPT by illegally deploying nuclear weapons on its European bases.  The German government was forced to admit that 20 U.S. nuclear bombs are deployed in Buchel.  Now Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg, The Netherlands and Norway have called on the U.S. to remove nuclear weapons from their territory.

-          U.S. bases – Because of two Marine bases located at Mt. Fuji, the site cannot be registered as a World Cultural Heritage site.   In the Philippines, the U.S. closed its base in 1992 but left a heavily contaminated area with resultant cancers like leukemia and miscarriages.  This is a lesson for Japan to learn that it must stop hosting the USA.

-          The City of Kobe has banned the presence of U.S. nuclear warships and submarines.  Other cities in Japan should do likewise.

-          A strong call for No More Hibakusha.  Victims of Agent Orange should also be remembered. Korean Hibakusha abroad should be entitled to the same welfare benefits and compensation as Japanese Hibakusha.  Likewise now for the new Hibakusha resulting from the Fukushima Daiichi plants. 

-          Chernobyl in 1986 has left millions who suffer its consequences but true facts are not available.  In 1959 a contract between the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) permits WHO release of information about radiation impact only after consultation with the IAEA. 

-          Death tolls continue to climb in the Marshall Islands after the 1954 Hydrogen bomb (Bikini) test and nuclear claims for compensation and restitution meet with little or no response from the U.S.

-          Victims of the 193 tests conducted by France over a 30 year period (150 underground and 43 above) have struggled with the French government for compensation for tests in Polynesia and Algeria.  They have launched an Appeal for a United Nations conference to take up the issue of Nuclear Test sites around the world for cleaning, rehabilitating and developing of all regions so affected.

-          “Don’t send our Students to Battlefields.”   Education for Peace is essential and textbooks need to be monitored for their description of nuclear energy – “Renewable Energy Sources” are usually portrayed as insufficient to meet energy needs. 

The message from Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon to the Conference, delivered by Sergio Duarte, U.N. High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, thanked Gensuikyo for its role in the work of disarmament.  Mr. Duarte called the gathering a “Collective Conscience” that must push for accountability and while, acknowledging the many obstacles as countries continue to modernize their arsenals, he expressed his gratitude for Gensuikyo’s contributions. 

AUGUST 6 – Saturday –


As a U.S. citizen attending this solemn, formal commemoration, the event was very painful – it was the U.S. that unleashed this horror on the world and inflicted a nightmare of destruction on the people of Japan.  The Peace Park area was set with 12,000 chairs; escorts to seats done quietly with no frenzy; a program and a flower given to each person as they arrived; phalanxes of TV camera crews arrayed on the side; orchestras and choruses dressed all in white; the day was clear and hot and attendees were advised to drink water which was provided.  At eight o’clock the ceremony began with a dedication of the register of names of the victims, a brief address and then foreign dignitaries presenting wreaths at the cenotaph.  At 8:15 a.m. (the time when the bomb struck on August 6, 1945) a bell rang followed by silent prayer.  The Mayor of Hiroshima spoke.  Flocks of doves were released several times and a “Commitment to Peace” was read by the two 6th grade school children who had written it…their high voices sounding open and hopeful.  A Peace Song was sung and the ceremony closed.  We were invited to lay flowers at the monument where banks of Chrysanthemums had already been arranged. 


The workshop and Solidarity Forum with the people of Hiroshima continued an exchange of ideas as did the rally in the Gymnasium where speeches were followed by choral groups of young and old with beautiful banners and singing. 


In the evening a lantern floating ceremony near the Aioi Bridge honored the A-Bomb victims.  The Buddhist priests said prayers before the lanterns were sent off but the participation of children made the event festive and the many lanterns bobbing on the river with their peace messages was a lovely sight. 




OKINAWA – Dinner , August 3

Hisae, Dorothy and I had dinner with Marian Kuepker (International Coordinator for the German Peace Society), Dr. Hiroshi Takei (Emeritus Professor at the University of the Ryukyus and President Emeritus of the Ryukyu Rehabilitation Academy), Katsuma Yagasaki (Chairman of the Peace Council) and Idani Shuichi (Hiroshima Hibakusha and President of the Tottori-Ken Gensuikyo).  It was an opportunity to talk briefly about the Granny Peace Brigade. and some of our work related to Futenma and US bases, and to

learn about ABCC U.S. government policies toward Japan in the days of Eisenhower and Kennedy.

SHINFUJIN (New Japan Women’s Association) – Dinner, August 4

Dorothy, Hisae-san and I were guests of Shinfujin members some of whom would be going to Nagasaki.  Miyo Inoue, Kazue Takahashi, Kimiko Kasai and Atsuko Yoneyama described their work.  We learned about Shinfujin’s history of working on issues of the rights of women and children, support for Article 9, opposition to militarism and a commitment to the peace movement and abolition of nuclear weapons.  2012 will mark their 50th year and they publish a weekly newspaper distributed to thousands of groups.  In their ongoing work with petitions, they collected 1.8 million signatures calling for a Nuclear Weapons-Free World and presented them to Ban Ki-Moon at the 2010 NPT.

The Grannies and Shinfujin share many of the same goals and, through Hisae, we will continue to support their work, exchanging information and collaborating where possible.

Dinner, August 5

A small dinner hosted by Takako Kasuya of the Shizuoka Mothers’ Congress welcomed Nun Maki and was a reunion of sorts for Dorothy and me who had last seen Maki in New York City at the NPT.  Now a Buddhist nun she hopes time will allow her to continue her storytelling of Sadako and the Thousand Cranes.  There is now a book in Braille in addition to the original version.  Maki is a perfect embodiment of Peace and her presence always generates a quiet joy.  Just to look at her face instills gentleness.



A joint event of Code Pink and Minirenn Hiroshima took place after the large Hiroshima Rally. The presenters were Maki, Dr. Yutaka Manabe and Emiko Higami.  Takako Kasuya from Shizuoka who helped Hisae with the event, introduced me to a friend, Yoko Toba, and her mother, Kyoko Hama (a hibakusha). She described her experience from the bomb and gave me a CD of a recording by a French composer.

Maki came to New York for the 2010 NPT and performed her Story of Sadako at the Green Tea Party there.  She presented it at this event with help from Dorothy.  It is a type of slide show with drawings that tell Sadako’s heartbreaking story.  However, through her youth and gentleness, Maki conveys and inspires hope when she recounts it. 

Dr. Manabe is an Osaka physician now assisting Hibakusha in a group lawsuit to qualify their medical conditions as eligible for compensation.  His slideshow presentation described the struggle of Hibakusha to gain their rights.  The “Little Boy” uranium bomb dropped on Hiroshima killed 140,000 people in one day; “Fat Man” plutonium bomb on Nagasaki, 70,000 – for a total of 210,000.  Compensation has been slow to reach survivors.    In order to qualify, a board of review had to agree that the disease was caused by radiation; one had to be within 2 km of epicenter; applications had to be made in Prefectures so that people from Korea or other countries could not apply for compensation.  Out of 250,000 only 2200 were eligible.  Lawsuits have been working their way through 17 Japanese courts.  Survivors were granted $375 a month when the first Hiroshima Aid Law of 1994 was passed.  It has now been raised to $1527 per month. 

Dr. Manabe spoke also about ABCC – the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission – established by the U.S. in 1946 to study the effects of radiation.  The ABCC didn’t actually treat survivors – it studied them over a period of time.  It did not pay compensation and did not share information with Japanese doctors – hence Japan viewed it with suspicion that it was really a laboratory for studying “guinea pigs.”  Decisions on compensation were based on “Causative Probability” which compared data from ABCC, usually unfavorably to the Hibakusha.

As one of a group of physicians working for the Hibakusha’s rights, Dr. Manabe is to be commended and honored.  A handsome, gracious man he is a grandfather and was interested in the work of the Grannies.  The decision on the lawsuit of Hibakusha in Osaka will be handed down in December and we will be kept informed.

Emiko Higami, an Osaka historian, is interested in the factors that cause untimely or premature deaths.   Her research covered the Edo, Taisho and Meiji periods and she presented a paper in English which incorporated statistics on housing, nutrition, working conditions and industrial development which impacted infant and neonatal mortality.  Her further studies will look at other areas such as war and living standards.  She came back to the Funada home with Dorothy, Hisae and me for our last evening in Hiroshima.

SUNDAY, August 7 –

In the morning we went our separate ways – Dorothy to Sapporo; Emiko to Edajima, Hisae and I to Osaka.  Lots of photos were taken early in the morning outside the Funada home with the cicada chorus in the background.  The conference was an intense period – meeting many new people, forming part of a larger network, and feeling a sense of solidarity with the Japanese peace activists who are extraordinary for their dedication and soulfulness.  The Funada homestay was a pleasure – our own “home” for five nights; delicious, generous breakfasts served by a lovely Reiko-san and her husband.

MONDAY, August 8 – Osaka to Kyoto

Reiko Deguchi met Hisae and me at the train station and whisked us off to Kinkaku-ji – the Golden Pavilion – where we were met by Rev. Paul Oe and Narumi Tomida. Rev. Oe’s contact at the shrine permitted us to enter the living quarters of the priests where we were received with tea and then given a private tour of the area surrounding this amazing temple.  We walked with the priest around the small lake in which the Pavilion is reflected and where a series of rock formations replicate the Japanese archipelago. It was an endlessly beautiful vista.   

An afternoon visit to the Craft Museum was highlighted by a kimono “fashion show” and a visit to an exhibit of spectacular kimonos, as well as fabric designs.  The lighting was subdued to protect the fabrics which were so very beautiful.

A gathering that evening was arranged by the Kyoto Shuheikyo, an Interfaith organization, and Code Pink/Osaka.  I addressed the group and, after a light dinner, there was a Q & A session.  Junko Noda came and thrilled us by singing “Amazing Grace”.  Among the attendees were several who spoke English and who knew Allen Nelson, the U.S. veteran who is famous in Okinawa and whose widow I know.  Dr. Minoru Suda, Emeritus Professor at Ritsumeikan University, gave me a book of stories written by Hibakusha.  It is a small, powerful book.  Osaaki Hasegawa, Secretary of the Kyoto Association for a Non-nuclear Government, was at Hiroshima conference and kept his promise to attend, as did a priest from Tokyo who had fasted at Hiroshima and then invited us to his brother’s restaurant.  It was a busy day full of wonderful visits with very special people.

TUESDAY, August 9 –

Homestay with Reiko-san was high in the hills of Kyoto and the next morning we prepared for the visit to

Kiyomizu-Dera Temple, where the bell would be rung at 11:15 a.m. to commemorate Nagasaki.  On the Kyoto Teachers Union women members were gathering signatures for Abolition of Nuclear Weapons and Plants. They’ve been carrying on this campaign every month on the 6th and 9th for the past 40 years. In the path to the temple, I joined them as I could more easily approach people who spoke English.  There were few “Western” people in sight and when the clock pointed to 11:15, a hush came; the enormous bronze bell was rung and the vibrations hung in the air for over a minute.  There was a silent prayer of remembering all the victims.

Through Shuheikyo’s work, Reiko, Nomuri, Hisae and I were invited to tea by Eigen Onishi, a priest from the Shrine, and then a tour of the gardens of Kiyomizu-Dera.   As time was going fast and we had more visits before returning to Osaka, we could not linger at the temple, but both Hisae and I were invited to ring the large bronze bell – or try to.  We managed to touch it but not “ring” it.

The Kyoto Museum for World Peace, part of Ritsumeikan University, is the first such museum in the world.  It’s philosophy is to emphasize the importance of peace, “covering the problems of war and the arms race and accurately portraying the suffering they bring about.”  The Curator –Junko Tanigawa  told us that Johan Galtung will speak there on September 16th.  He has a close bond with them.

We departed Kyoto for Osaka with a farewell group at the station of Reiko, Junko and Narumi.  It was an event-filled visit and very memorable.

Evening – Dinner and homestay was with Kazu whom I had met in New York several years ago and her husband, Nagao whose English is very good.  He gave me a paper he’d written about a trip to New Zealand and other materials, as he is active with the Osaka Committee for a Non-nuclear Government.

WEDNESDAY, August 10

A Tea House gathering in Osaka’s Park from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.  Tomomi Shibata was there to film and continue work on her documentary about the Grannies which she began in New York two years ago.

In a teahouse in one of the tatami rooms Hisae organized a special day of visitors stopping by for a tea ceremony.  I sat on a folding chair as I could never have sat on the floor, or knelt for more than a minute or two.  By now I was friends with Kazu and Akiko, and Machiko and Sonoe who prepared the tea, and many women came by.  Eiko Kobayashi, a plaintiff in the Osaka Air-Raid lawsuit, came and told her story to us, as well as to Tomomi.  The day went quickly and Hisae’s son, Tomo, drew a Manga cartoon portrait of me which I delighted everyone but especially me. Akiko entertained us with a delightful set of “magic” sticks.

In the evening, we met several lawyers for dinner: Masako Katagata and her husband, Hisashi Suzuki, work with an anti-nuclear group.  Another, Shoji Umeda, is a labor attorney, and they showed a video of their visit to New York for the 2010 NPT conference.    The Granny network of contacts continued to grow. 

THURSDAY, August 11

A free day to sightsee at the Osaka Castle, do some shopping, and pack.

FRIDAY, August 12

I met Hisae-san to check out of the hotel and Akiko joined us for lunch, as well as two women, one of whom is a Tamiko Kimura, Hibakusha who won the lawsuite, and the other an activist from Okinawa,

Akiko Yoshizawa who has been organizing a signature campaign to dismantle Futenma US base in Okinawa.  Time was pressured and before I knew it I had to take the 2 pm shuttle bus to Kansai and fly home.

二ディア・リーフさん ( Ms. Nydia Leaf from Granny Peace Brigade NYC )

講演 ( 2011年8月8日 京都の集い)   邦訳 コードピンク大阪ジャパン 






 それでは、「Granny Peace Brigade」(おばあちゃんの平和旅団)のことに入ります。皆さんのお手元に、黄色い円いバッヂを置きました。そこに、”Granny Peace Brigade”ということと、下の方にホームページのアドレスが書いてあります。そこをクリックしていただくと、今日私もしゃべりますが、もっともっといろいろな情報を見ていただけるので、どうぞそうなさってください。



 まず、ノー・ベース(No base)委員会です。「アメリカの米軍基地を撤去せよ」、「世界中にある米軍基地を撤去せよ」という活動をしています。その委員会が「ティーチ・イン(teach in)」学習会をおこないました。


通訳補足:「WID/ Women’s International Democratic Federation 」(国際民主婦人連盟/   国際民婦連)には日本婦人団体連合会(婦団連)が加盟をし、評議員になっています。






 もう一つの委員会は、「カウンター・リクルートメント(counter recruitment)」と呼ばれています。、「リクルート」と言うと、皆さんは就職のことを思われるかも知れませんが、アメリカではそうではありません。徴兵が今はありませんから、志願兵なのですが、兵士になろうと子ども達を志願させるように仕掛けること、それがアメリカで言う「リクルートメント」です。高校生などを、「卒業したら、軍隊はいいところだから来なさい」と勧誘をする、学校の中に堂々と入って行ってやるわけです。それから学校側がペンタゴンに対して、学生の個人情報を全部渡してしまうことがよくあります。成績、家庭の状況、貧困層の子なのか知ったうえで、「成績が悪かったら、もう大学には行けないのだから、軍隊に入りなさい」と巧みに入隊をすすめます。だから、私たちの「カウンター・リクルートメント」委員会は、軍にたいして「そういったことをやるな」と抗議し、学校側には、「個人情報は親が言わない限り、出さないで」と言っています。それから、日本で言えばPTAのような、高校生などの親の組織に「子ども達」を戦場に、軍隊に送らないようにしましょう」という働きかけをしています。



そこで、私たちがまず何をするかというと、店の前で歌を歌います。 (”No more war toys, no more war toys, girls and boys, girls and boys, rararara ra ra, rararara ra ra, no more toys, no more toys.” もうこれ以上戦争のおもちゃはダメよ、お嬢ちゃん、坊や、ラララ……もうおもちゃはダメよ。)






 私たちの先ほどの公園での行動ですけれど、公園に来た人たちに、「あなたは自分の払った税金を何に使って欲しいの? 今はほとんど、戦争や軍隊に、戦争にばかり使われているのよ」「でも、あなたは何に使ってほしい?」と聞くと、「戦争ではなく、教育、医療、仕事がもっと欲しい、それから、もっと良い環境を作る。そのために税金はつかって欲しい」と言います。















最良の人たち、”best people”は、今日お集まりの皆さんにこそふさわしい呼び名です。皆さんが何をしていらっしゃるか、私たちが何をしているかと言うと、「平和と正義のためにたたかっている」、そこでは絶対にくじけない、そういう強い精神、強い気持ちを持って行動されています。、そうい






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